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World War II and Its Aftermath (1931-1955)

Matching
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
appeasement
e.
containment
b.
blitzkrieg
f.
genocide
c.
cold war
g.
kamikaze
d.
collaborator
h.
pacifism
 

1. 

Giving in to the demands of an aggressor in order to keep the peace
 

2. 

Opposition to all war
 

3. 

Lightning war
 

4. 

Deliberate destruction of a group of people
 

5. 

One who cooperates with an enemy force occupying a country
 

6. 

Japanese pilots who undertook suicide missions to attack American warships
 

7. 

Limiting communism to areas already under Soviet control
 

8. 

State of tension and hostility among nations without armed conflict
 
 
Match each person with the correct statement below.
a.
Winston Churchill
d.
Haile Selassie
b.
Francisco Franco
e.
Harry Truman
c.
Dwight Eisenhower
 

9. 

Ethiopian king who appealed to the League of Nations for help
 

10. 

Nationalist general who created a Fascist dictatorship in Spain
 

11. 

Prime minister who rallied Britain to fight against Nazi aggression
 

12. 

Supreme Allied commander in Europe
 

13. 

President who issued a policy stating that Americans would resist Soviet expansion in the world
 
 
Match each place with the correct statement below.
a.
Dunkirk
d.
Hiroshima
b.
El Alamein
e.
Pearl Harbor
c.
Guernica
 

14. 

Town that was brutally attacked by Germany during the Spanish Civil War
 

15. 

Beach on the English Channel where Allied troops were rescued from advancing Nazis
 

16. 

Naval base in Hawaii that was attacked by Japan in 1941
 

17. 

Site of a battle in Egypt that became a turning point in World War II
 

18. 

Japanese city destroyed by an atomic bomb dropped by the United States in 1945
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

19. 

Which of the following became a dress rehearsal for World War II by demonstrating the destructive power of modern warfare?
a.
the invasion of Ethiopia
b.
the Anschluss
c.
the Spanish Civil War
d.
the surrender of the Sudetenland
 

20. 

Which of the following cities was the target of a Nazi blitz for two months in 1941?
a.
London
b.
Dunkirk
c.
Paris
d.
Vichy
 

21. 

“Operation Barbarossa” refers to Hitler’s plan to conquer
a.
Greece.
b.
North Africa.
c.
Britain.
d.
the Soviet Union.
 

22. 

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii,
a.
brought the war to an end.
b.
brought the United States into the war.
c.
ended U.S. interference in Asia and the Pacific.
d.
tested the destructive power of its bombers.
 

23. 

“D-Day” refers to the
a.
Allied invasion of France.
b.
entry of the United States into the war.
c.
end of World War II.
d.
British victory in North Africa.
 

24. 

Which of these battles was a turning point after which the United States took the offensive in the Pacific?
a.
Pearl Harbor
b.
Midway Island
c.
Iwo Jima
d.
Burma
 

25. 

In response to Axis aggression in the 1930s, western democracies followed a policy of
a.
containment.
b.
appeasement.
c.
aggression.
d.
genocide.
 

26. 

The term Holocaust refers to the
a.
bombing of Britain.
b.
mobilization for total war.
c.
massacre of more than six million Jews.
d.
turning point of the war in North Africa.
 

27. 

The Battle of Midway was the turning point that
a.
brought the United States into the war.
b.
allowed the United States to take the offensive in the Pacific.
c.
forced Japan to surrender.
d.
started Japan’s uninterrupted series of victories.
 

28. 

The war in Europe ended with the
a.
bombing of Hiroshima.
b.
Battle of the Bulge.
c.
capture and execution of Mussolini.
d.
surrender of Germany.
 

29. 

The nation that suffered the greatest number of both civilian and military dead and wounded in World War II was
a.
the Soviet Union.
b.
Britain.
c.
Japan.
d.
Germany.
 

30. 

The major rivals in the Cold War were
a.
Britain and France.
b.
Germany and Italy.
c.
the United States and the Soviet Union.
d.
China and Japan.
 



 
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